The number of job vacancies in Estonia totalled 11,079 in the second quarter of 2023, which was 17% fewer than in the same period of 2022, according to Statistics Estonia, ERR reports. Altogether 53,849 people were hired and 51,500 people left their jobs in the second quarter of 2023. Labour turnover decreased by 9% over a year. The majority of vacant jobs were in Harjumaa county (81%), followed by Tartumaa (6.3%) and Pärnumaa (3.4%). The number of job vacancies was highest in public administration and defence (1,775), wholesale and retail trade (1,499), and education (1,316). As many as 40% of all job vacancies were in the public sector. The overall number of vacant and occupied jobs totalled just over 617,000, with the largest share of jobs being in manufacturing, trade, and education. Vacant jobs accounted for 1.8% of the total number of job positions.